State of Texas Alliance for Recycling
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The Carton Council has done research to identify effective policies and the BMP’s in implementing them in large part to benefit SROs, who often lack ample resources to develop tools. Their policy toolkit provides info on Pay-as-you-Throw, Universal Recycling, and Local Ordinances to increase recycling. Check out the complete toolkit and download infographics here!

Pay-As-You-Throw: A proven way to reduce waste, increase recycling and reduce disposal costs

Mandatory Provision of Recycling Services Through Hauler Permitting/Licensing

Moving Towards Universal Recycling

How to Implement a Local Ordinance to Increase Recycling

Here are a few considerations for utilizing best management practices or policies to help achieve overall recycling success:

  1. Review data, track performance, and provide feedback. Local governments need proper reporting and analysis of data to track their recycling efforts. This monitoring can also extend to private haulers, businesses, multi-family dwellings, and schools. Understanding current performance is key to improving your recycling performance.
  2. Consider using best management practices and/or policies in combination to maximize efforts. For example, requiring trash haulers to collect recyclables and to establish Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) fee systems can create powerful incentives for residents to recycle.
  3. Adopt best management practices that promote convenience and ease of recycling.Residents are most likely to recycle when it is made available city/community-wide, it includes a comprehensive list of accepted materials, sufficiently sized recycling containers are provided, collection is as or more frequent than trash collection, and a separate recycling fee is not charged.
  4. Encourage participation through monitoring, feedback and technical assistance, with penalties used as a last resort. Enforcement should not be draconian, but rather based on an incremental process that initially informs, encourages and supports participation. Before refusing service or imposing fines, provide effective communication and possibly workshops to ensure the program is fully understood.
  5. Clearly define expectations and responsibilities. State and local governments with clearly defined participation and expectations are more likely to have successful programs. Stakeholders need to understand the rules and expectations and who is responsible for what in order for new policies to take hold and be effective.
  6. Identify champions to promote policies and shepherd their adoption. Champions can be critical to drafting successful policies, building support for them and getting them passed. Identify well-respected, influential local leaders to craft the language, engage key stakeholders, build the necessary coalitions and propel proposals through the community or legislative process. Additionally, identify community leaders or lawmakers who will be your champion(s) in introducing and supporting ordinances or legislation through your local government.